Monarda
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Monarda in detail: D to I

252.2Monarda didyma – Various synonyms. Numerous common names including Oswego Tea, Beebalm, Scarlet Beebalm, Rose balm, Low balm, Hare mint, Bee balm tea plant, Robin-run-around, Sweet bergamot. Flowers scarlet (RHS 46B). Height 1 – 1.5m. Scent akin to Bergamot Orange.  Important US ethnobotanical plant, native to the east & part of the north west. Naturalised elsewhere in US,  Europe & Asia.

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543.1Monarda didyma ‘alba’. White didyma form, but mine is the palest purple/ pink (RHS 76D). Height 1 – 1.5m.

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552.4Monarda didyma ‘Coral Reef’ – Flowers rich pink (RHS 54B). Similar to Marshall’s Delight but shorter; height 90 – 105cm. Introduced from the Morden Breeding Programme in Manitoba, Canada. Mildew resistance.

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196 Top 10 - No 3 'Cranberry Lace'Monarda didyma ‘Cranberry Lace’ ® – Flowers rose pink (RHS 67D). Height 30cm, a very compact variety.  Very floriferous and good for container growing and as an edging plant. Introduced  and patented by Future Plants. Mildew resistance.

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155 Monarda Duddiscombe 15.07.14 bMonarda didyma ‘Duddiscombe’ – Flowers cerise pink (RHS 61B). Height to 1.1m. Introduced by Sampford Shrubs from Tiverton in Devon. Little if any mildew.

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498.2Monarda didyma ‘Panorama’ – Originally supplied as the single coloured  cultivar named ‘Panorama’, rather than ‘Panorama mix’ or ‘Panorama Red Shades’ (see right). Mine in red (RHS 43A) but others look darker. Height 75cm to 1m.

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589.1Monarda didyma ‘Panorama mix’ (Panorama series) – Widely available seed mix of different colour forms in red, pink and purple shades. Good to sow for cut flowers. Height to 90cm.

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280.1Monarda didyma ‘Panorama Red Shades’ (Panorama series) – A mixture of red and scarlet shades which was the first red bergamot to come true to type from seed. Height to 80cm. Mildew resistant.

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555.3Monarda didyma ‘Pink Lace’ PBR – Syn. Monarda hybr ‘Pink Lace’. Flowers rich pink (RHS 67A). Height to 45cm. Compact and flowers really well. Good for container growing and as an edging plant. Good mildew resistance. Introduced and patented by Future Plants. Subject to Plant Breeders’ Rights. “The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Monarda, botanically known as Monarda didyma and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Pink Lace’. The new Monarda originated from an open-pollination of an unnamed selection of Monarda didyma, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with an unknown selection of Monarda didyma, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Monarda was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated open-pollination grown in a controlled environment in Oude Wetering, The Netherlands in 2002.” Source: USPP18367 P2 granted 25.12.07.

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587.1Monarda didyma
‘T&M superb mixed’
– Seed mix from Thompson & Morgan comprising a variety of flower shades. Height to 1m.

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540.1Monarda ‘Earl Grey’ – Soft red (RHS 53C). Height up to 1.2m.

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470.1Monarda ‘Elsie’s Lavender’. Flowers pale lilac (RHS 76C from green bracts. Maximum height to around 1.2m. Vigorous.

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514.1Monarda ‘Elworthy’ – Flowers purple/ pink (approximately RHS 80C) with some paler linear markings. Height to 45cm. Mildew resistance. Form from Elworthy Cottage Plants, Somerset.

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609.1Monarda ‘Eugens Kirschrot’ – Flowers pink/red (RHS 58C). Height to 1m. Not mildew resistant.

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610.2Monarda ‘Eugens Purpursamt’ – Flowers rich violet (RHS 84A). Height to 1m.

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636.2Monarda ‘Feuerschopf’ – Flowers mid violet (RHS 84 B). Height to 1m.

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49 Top 10 - No 2 'Fireball'Monarda ‘Fireball’ PBR – Flowers purple/ red (RHS 60A). Height 60cm. Introduced and patented by Future Plants. Mildew resistant.

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385.5Monarda ‘Fishes’ – Syn. Monarda ‘Pisces’. Pale pink (RHS 65C). Height to 1.2m. Pale green bracts. Mildew resistant. Form selected by Piet Oudolf.

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253.1Monarda fistulosa – Many synonyms, varieties & sub species. Common names Wild Bergamot, Mintleaf Beebalm, Bee Balm. Native to much of  US. Colours and height vary. The Herb Society of America’s ‘Notable Native 2013’. Source of thymol. Important ethnobotanical plant. Details in The Plant List.

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632.1Monarda fistulosa x didyma ‘Trinity Purple’ – Large rich purple flowers (RHS 77B). Height to 90cm. Form from Sandy Mush Herb Nursery, North Carolina. Mildew resistant.

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612Monarda fistulosa nat var ‘Wahpe Washtemna’ – Pale pink (RHS 75C). Height to 1.2m. Natural lemon scented variation of fistulosa.

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Monarda fistulosa ssp. menthifolia ‘Oswegokraut‘ – Lavender flowers, 80cm to 1m tall. Image to follow.

631.1Monarda fistulosa ‘Schneewolke’ – Translates as snow cloud. Flowers off white, light green foliage. Height to 1m .

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150 Monarda fistulosa tetraploid copyright www.pflanzenversand-gaissmayer.deMonarda fistulosa x tetraploid  – Rose scented Monarda. Flowers rich purple (RHS 78B). Height to 80cm. Rose scented foliage.

Image copright www.pflanzenversand-gaissmayer.de

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33.1Monarda ‘Gardenview Scarlet’ AGM – Distinct large intense red flowers (RHS 45A/B). Very tall form to height 1.4m. Vigorous. Green pinky/ purple edged bracts become bronze later in the season. Mildew resistant. Introduced by Henry Ross at Gardenview Park, Ohio. RHS Award of Garden Merit.

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536.1Monarda ‘Gewitterwolke’ – Syn. Monarda ‘Thundercloud’. Darker purple/ red (RHS 64A). Height to 1m. Form from Peter zue Linden of Osnabrucker Staudenkulturen. Good mildew resistance.

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352 Monarda Hartswood Wine 15.07.14 cMonarda ‘Hartswood Wine’ – Flowers rich purple (RHS 77A). Height to 70cm.

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414.1Monarda ‘Heidelerche’ – Pink (RHS 78D). Height 80cm – 1m .

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SONY DSCMonarda ‘Huckleberry’ – Form from Sarastro-Stauden with great mildew resistance. Flowers are dark purple, height 50-80cm.

Image copyright www.sarastro-stauden.com

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